Headache Conditions

The Headache Center, part of the Cushing Neuroscience Institute at New York’s North Shore-LIJ Health System, specializes in the diagnosis of headaches caused by neurological and psychiatric illnesses as well as hard-to-treat migraines.

The Headache Center treats the following conditions:

Headache Symptoms
Headache pain may be related to many factors, such as genetics, hormones, stress, diet, medications and dehydration. Recurrent headaches of any type can cause behavioral problems and/or depression. The most common of all headache symptoms is the head pain itself. This can occur in many ways: continuously, intermittently or reactively. Pain may be dull, sharp, stabbing or throbbing.

Often people may suffer from a range of associated headache symptoms along with the head pain which includes:

Chronic daily headache sufferers have a tremendous burden that can often put stress on friends, family and employment.

Headache Causes
Headaches can be caused by trauma, side effects from medications or as a consequence of another disease, such as a tumor or malformation of the brain, although this is much less common.

Most headaches causes are unclear. While many studies suggest the underlying cause of most primary headaches may be genetic, we still do not understand which genes are involved. Some headaches may be the result of tight muscles and dilated, or expanded, blood vessels in the head.

    • Cluster headaches - Cluster headaches is one-sided head pain that may involve teary eyes and a stuffy nose. Attacks of cluster headaches occur regularly for one week to one year, separated by long pain-free periods that last at least one month or longer.
    • Facial pain - The most common cause of facial pain is a group of conditions called temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders (TMJDs).
    • Migraine Headaches - The pain of migraine headaches is often described as an intense pulsing or throbbing pain in one area of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting and extreme sensitivity to light and sound. Some individuals can predict the onset of migraine headaches because it is preceded by an "aura," visual disturbances that appear as flashing lights, zig-zag lines or a temporary loss of vision.
    • Rebound headaches - Also known as medication-overuse headaches, these headaches are caused by frequent use of pain medication. Pain medications can relieve occasional headaches, but taking those medications more often than a couple of days a week may trigger rebound headaches.
    • Sinus headaches - Sinuses are air-filled cavities (spaces) in your forehead, cheekbones and behind the bridge of your nose. When a sinus becomes inflamed, usually from allergic reactions, tumors or infections, the inflammation prevents mucus from flowing out, thus causing sinus headaches with pain similar to headache pain.
    • Tension headaches - Tension headaches consist of pain or discomfort in the head, scalp or neck that is usually associated with muscle tightness in these areas.
    • sensitivity to light or noise
    • nausea and vomiting
    • skin sensitivity
    • worsening pain with movement
    • difficulty with hearing, speaking, balance and/or concentration
    • Mood may be affected and social interactions damaged in severe cases,

Make an appointment at the Headache Center:
Cushing Neuroscience Institute’s Headache Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring the best neurological and neurosurgical care for yourself or your family. Simply email us at neuro@nshs.edu or call us at (516) 325-7070 or 844-56Neuro (844-566-3876). You may also fill out our Request an Appointment form.