Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a mild, difficult-to-diagnose type of hydrocephalus, a condition commonly referred to as "water on the brain."

Hydrocephalus is an increase of fluid in the brain known as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).The center of your brain has cavities called ventricles that are filled with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This circulating CSF is constantly replenished and absorbed, so that the amount of fluid inside the brain and skull remains basically constant over the course of a lifetime. For reasons that are not always understood, the amount of CSF within the brain cavities of some people increases and may increase the pressure within the brain.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but it is most common in the older population. The increase in cerebrospinal fluid above normal levels is so mild that NPH can be hard to detect and accurately diagnose. Symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus can often be mistaken for symptoms of dementia and Parkinson's disease, a movement disorders condition.
The Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center at North Shore-LIJ Health System's renowned Cushing Neuroscience Institute employs a unique collaboration of neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuropsychologists and gait physiologists to diagnose and treat patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus. Comprehensive diagnostic procedures include thorough neurological evaluations and the latest diagnostic technology such as computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The specialists at the Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center have treated many patients over the years. Our neurologists at our Movement Disorders Center are very helpful in screening patients whose clinical presentation may be unrelated to NPH.
Facts about Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus
  • It is estimated that 375,000 people with dementia in the United States may have normal pressure hydrocephalus.
  • The cause of normal pressure hydrocephalus is usually unknown.
  • Without treatment, symptoms may get worse over time.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment may improve the chance of a good recovery.
  • After treatment, some people can recover almost completely and enjoy good quality of life.
Collaboration with Related CNI Centers
We work closely with the following centers at Cushing Neuroscience Institute to ensure that each patient receives an accurate diagnosis and the appropriate treatment for the best outcome.
  • Movement Disorders Center – There is considerable overlap between movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and normal pressure hydrocephalus. Our neurologists can screen out these patients and treat them appropriately for their condition.
  • The Chiari Institute –  The Chiari Institute at North Shore-LIJ cares for patients with complex brain and spinal cord junction abnormalities and complicated hydrocephalus.

Make an appointment at our Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center
Cushing Neuroscience Institute’s Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Center makes it easy for you to take the first steps in ensuring the best neurological care for yourself and your family. Simply email us at or call us at (516) 773-7737, (516) 562-3816 or 844-56Neuro (844-566-3876). You may also fill out our Request an Appointment form.